Partial Knee Joint Replacement Surgery – What’s the Outlook?


Encephalitis – Symptoms and Causes

Encephalitis is a neurological condition that causes inflammation of the brain. Commonly caused by viral infections, in rare cases it can even be caused by bacteria or even fungi. Encephalitis can be categorized into two types, namely: Primary Encephalitis and Secondary Encephalitis. The first type occurs when a virus directly infects the brain or spinal cord. The second one occurs when an infection starts elsewhere in the body and then travels to the brain. Encephalitis is serious and life-threatening disease, although rare.
Symptoms The symptoms of this disease range from mild to severe. These commonly include: Mild Symptoms ·Fever ·Headache ·Vomiting ·Stiff Neck ·Lethargy and exhaustion
Severe Symptoms ·Fever (103°F/39.4°C or higher) ·Confusion ·Drowsiness ·Hallucinations ·Slower Movements ·Coma ·

Are There Alternatives To IVF?

As many as 1 in 6 Indian couples will have difficulties conceiving when they decide to start or extend their family. Pregnancy delay is still a relatively ‘silent’ topic, especially in India, with many couples preferring not to openly discuss their difficulties when trying for a baby. As a result, there is still a lack of knowledge in this area, with many couples maintaining an unrealistic concern that seeing a fertility specialist or IVF doctors will automatically result in them having to go down the IVF route. It should be reassuring to know that there are many effective alternatives to IVF, if you do decide to seek help from a fertility doctor.
The Alternatives Fertility doctors are expert gynaecologists and obstetricians who specialise in fertility. They assess your full medical history and unless there is a good reason for moving straight to IVF, most fertility specialists will recommend a less invasive form of fertility treatment first. For women that don’t ovulate regularly or at…

Breast Reconstruction Surgery after Cancer

Many women who’ve had to go through the ordeal of breast cancer, have to have a mastectomy, or the removal of an entire breast so that the cancer doesn’t spread. Although some may choose to hide it, it is normal to feel anxious, sad or mournful when a part of your body has been taken away from you. More so when it is the mark of a woman, a part of her sexuality.
This is where breast reconstruction surgery comes in. All kind of reconstructive surgery is known as plastic surgery in India, but the breasts are built using implants of saline or silicone. They can also be built using autologous tissue (tissue from elsewhere in the body), and sometimes both are used to build a breast.
Surgery to reconstruct the breast can be started at the time of the mastectomy itself, and can also be done months or years after the mastectomy.
Factors to be taken into account Once you have decided to have breast reconstruction, there’ll be some things you and your doctor will have to discuss like what type o…

"Can Hypertension Occur In A Specific Organ?” Portal Hypertension and Its Causes

Hypertension is basically high blood pressure, and yes, it can be specific to an organ. Case in point is Portal hypertension, which is a condition of the liver which causes high blood pressure in the hepatic portal system, which consists of the portal vein and its branches that drain from the intestines to the liver. It is a condition related to gastroenterology. The liver is a very important organ of the body, serving many purposes like making carbohydrates, proteins and fats and synthesising bile to digest food. Because of this, the liver requires a significant amount of blood supply. Portal hypertension causes potential problems with liver function and cause complications in the long run. Causes Portal hypertension occurs when there is an obstruction of blood flow within the liver and blood pressure rises within the portal vein. The obstruction can classified as intrahepatic, pre-hepatic or post-hepatic.
Intrahepatic causes These include cirrhosis, hepatic fibrosis and/or scarring. O…

Everything You Need To Know About Male Fertility

Fertility has been (wrongly) treated as a women’s issue, but the fact is that men are as crucial to conception as they are to the ability to conceive. Statistics say that every 3 out of 10 cases of infertility are due to problems deriving from men, while most fertility doctors say that up to one-third of their practice is exclusively made up of men experiencing fertility issues.Women exhibit signs or are easily diagnosed with conditions that indicate future fertility problems, whereas most men are not aware of any issues until the try to conceive. At that point a semen analysis is the only way to check the 3 major factors of sperm health, the shape, volume and motility of the sperm.
In roughly 25 per cent of the cases, there is no identifiable reason for low sperm count. For the rest, it can be chalked up to a number of health issues, including testicular injuries, infections from childhood (like mumps), chemotherapy and radiation, and operations like hernia surgery.But much like any o…