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Partial Knee Joint Replacement Surgery – What’s the Outlook?

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Encephalitis – Symptoms and Causes

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Encephalitis is a neurological condition that causes inflammation of the brain. Commonly caused by viral infections, in rare cases it can even be caused by bacteria or even fungi. Encephalitis can be categorized into two types, namely: Primary Encephalitis and Secondary Encephalitis. The first type occurs when a virus directly infects the brain or spinal cord. The second one occurs when an infection starts elsewhere in the body and then travels to the brain. Encephalitis is serious and life-threatening disease, although rare.
Symptoms The symptoms of this disease range from mild to severe. These commonly include: Mild Symptoms ·Fever ·Headache ·Vomiting ·Stiff Neck ·Lethargy and exhaustion
Severe Symptoms ·Fever (103°F/39.4°C or higher) ·Confusion ·Drowsiness ·Hallucinations ·Slower Movements ·Coma ·

Are There Alternatives To IVF?

As many as 1 in 6 Indian couples will have difficulties conceiving when they decide to start or extend their family. Pregnancy delay is still a relatively ‘silent’ topic, especially in India, with many couples preferring not to openly discuss their difficulties when trying for a baby. As a result, there is still a lack of knowledge in this area, with many couples maintaining an unrealistic concern that seeing a fertility specialist or IVF doctors will automatically result in them having to go down the IVF route. It should be reassuring to know that there are many effective alternatives to IVF, if you do decide to seek help from a fertility doctor.
The Alternatives Fertility doctors are expert gynaecologists and obstetricians who specialise in fertility. They assess your full medical history and unless there is a good reason for moving straight to IVF, most fertility specialists will recommend a less invasive form of fertility treatment first. For women that don’t ovulate regularly or at…

Breast Reconstruction Surgery after Cancer

Many women who’ve had to go through the ordeal of breast cancer, have to have a mastectomy, or the removal of an entire breast so that the cancer doesn’t spread. Although some may choose to hide it, it is normal to feel anxious, sad or mournful when a part of your body has been taken away from you. More so when it is the mark of a woman, a part of her sexuality.
This is where breast reconstruction surgery comes in. All kind of reconstructive surgery is known as plastic surgery in India, but the breasts are built using implants of saline or silicone. They can also be built using autologous tissue (tissue from elsewhere in the body), and sometimes both are used to build a breast.
Surgery to reconstruct the breast can be started at the time of the mastectomy itself, and can also be done months or years after the mastectomy.
Factors to be taken into account Once you have decided to have breast reconstruction, there’ll be some things you and your doctor will have to discuss like what type o…

"Can Hypertension Occur In A Specific Organ?” Portal Hypertension and Its Causes

Hypertension is basically high blood pressure, and yes, it can be specific to an organ. Case in point is Portal hypertension, which is a condition of the liver which causes high blood pressure in the hepatic portal system, which consists of the portal vein and its branches that drain from the intestines to the liver. It is a condition related to gastroenterology. The liver is a very important organ of the body, serving many purposes like making carbohydrates, proteins and fats and synthesising bile to digest food. Because of this, the liver requires a significant amount of blood supply. Portal hypertension causes potential problems with liver function and cause complications in the long run. Causes Portal hypertension occurs when there is an obstruction of blood flow within the liver and blood pressure rises within the portal vein. The obstruction can classified as intrahepatic, pre-hepatic or post-hepatic.
Intrahepatic causes These include cirrhosis, hepatic fibrosis and/or scarring. O…

Everything You Need To Know About Male Fertility

Fertility has been (wrongly) treated as a women’s issue, but the fact is that men are as crucial to conception as they are to the ability to conceive. Statistics say that every 3 out of 10 cases of infertility are due to problems deriving from men, while most fertility doctors say that up to one-third of their practice is exclusively made up of men experiencing fertility issues.Women exhibit signs or are easily diagnosed with conditions that indicate future fertility problems, whereas most men are not aware of any issues until the try to conceive. At that point a semen analysis is the only way to check the 3 major factors of sperm health, the shape, volume and motility of the sperm.
In roughly 25 per cent of the cases, there is no identifiable reason for low sperm count. For the rest, it can be chalked up to a number of health issues, including testicular injuries, infections from childhood (like mumps), chemotherapy and radiation, and operations like hernia surgery.But much like any o…

What Is Deep Brain Stimulation, Why Is It Done and Who Should Get It?

Deep brain stimulation is a procedure used in neurosurgerythat involves implanting electrodes in certain areas of the brain. These electrodes produce electrical impulses that regulate normal impulses. The electrical impulses may also be used to affect certain cells and chemicals within the brain. In the procedure, a pacemaker-like device is the placed under the skin of the upper chest which controls the amount of stimulation. Deep brain stimulation is used to treat a number of neurological conditions such as:
·Essential tremor ·Parkinson's disease ·Dystonia ·Epilepsy ·Tourette syndrome ·Chronic pain ·Obsessive compulsive disorder Deep brain stimulation may also be used in the future for the treatment of major depression, stroke recovery, addiction and dementia. Experiments and clinical trials are going on for better understanding in these matters.
Why is it done? Deep brain stimulation, or DBS, is an established treatment used by neurologists and neurosurgeons for movement disorders such a…

6 Tips for Better Heart Health

Your heart is a machine, and like every machine it starts wearing down if not maintained properly. There are many diseases like high blood pressure, stroke and heart attack, which can be prevented by just a little effort. If you can save a visit to the cardiologist that way, that would be great, wouldn’t it? So here are a few tips that will get you on the road to better heart health.
1. Take a 10-minute walk. If you don't exercise at all, a brief walk is a great way to start. If you do, it's a good way to add more exercise to your day. 2. Give yourself a lift. Lifting a hardcover book or a two-pound weight a few times a day can help tone your arm muscles. When that becomes a breeze, move on to heavier items or join a gym. 3. Eat one extra fruit or vegetable a day. Fruits and vegetables are inexpensive, taste good, and are good for everything from your brain to your bowels. 4. Make breakfast count. Start the day with some fruit and a serving of whole grains, like oatmeal, bran flak…

DISH Spine Treatment

Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, known as DISH, is the calcification (bony hardening) of ligaments in some areas where they attach to the spine. It is a form of degenerative arthritis or osteoarthritis. There is no specific cure for DISH, but steps can be taken to reduce the pain and stiffness that comes with it. Treatment keeps the condition from worsening and prevents further complications. 1.Treating the pain:DISH spine treatment, and especially treatment of pain caused by it, is similar to other joint ailments. Doctor usually recommend acetaminophen or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen. More severe pain can be treated with corticosteroid injections. There are spine clinics in Delhi, as well as spine hospitals in Delhi where such treatment can be pursued.
2.Treating stiffness: Physiotherapy is advised by medical professionals to treat stiffness that comes with DISH. Physiotherapy is quite a popular form of spine treatment, and increase the ran…

Surrogacy requirements

Being a surrogate mother in India is a highly respected task and full of challenges. With this reputed work comes certain responsibilities which are to be fulfilled to ensure that the entire procedure and process of delivering a baby is as smooth as possible. Health and other factors play a major role to analyze the preparedness of the surrogate mother in India to bear the child. Some of the crucial factors related to surrogacy in India include-
·The first and the foremost requirement of a surrogate mother in India is   the desire to help others create a family.
·The surrogate mother should preferably be between the ages of 21-42 which will ensure the health of the baby as well as the mother and reduce deaths associated with deliveries
·The surrogate has Had at least one child that they are currently raising ·The surrogate mother in India should financially be stable or get enough assistance from the prospective parents to ensue healthy conditions.She must be a Non-smoker ·Have a BMI of 31…

Is Back Pain A Symptom Of Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a disease affecting the prostate gland in men, which is responsible for production of seminal fluid and in controlling urine.It is in the glandular cells of the prostate gland that the cancer starts. Back pain is often linked to prostate cancer, with studies reporting that the incidence of prostate cancer in men with back pain is five times higher than normal, but the truth is that there are no symptoms of prostate cancer. It is when the disease reaches an advanced stage that it might cause symptoms, of which back pain is one. The other symptoms of prostate cancer include:
·Joint pain, and pain in the hip, chest or neck ·Loss of weight ·Loss of appetite ·Fatigue ·Problems urinating, a slow or weak stream of urine, the need to apply pressure to urinate ·Need to urinate often, but no urine when one tries ·Blood in urine or semen ·Constipation ·Erectile dysfunction ·Weakness or numbness in the lower part of the body including legs or feet ·Loss of bladder control ·Swelling of lowe…

Conditions IVF Can Help With

In-Vitro Fertilisation, or IVF cannot treat infertility, like many people believe. This misconception sometimes leads to severe disappointments, thus it is better to be informed about IVF as much as one can before visiting an IVF clinic or fertility centre. IVF is a means of bypassing problems which prevent a pregnancy from developing. Once a gynaecologist diagnoses the specific problem with a couple, there may be other treatments better suited to resolve a couple’s condition. The conditions that the process may be useful in are:
·Tubal Damage: Damaged fallopian tubes, that surgery cannot treat or cases in which surgery cannot be considered can be resolved using IVF. The process bypasses the tubes, so is a viable option. ·Abnormal or low sperm count in the male: If the male partner has low sperm count, but produces sperm that is potentially capable of fertilizing an egg, IVF can be considered. Physiological Intra-cytoplasmic Sperm Injection or PICSI IVF, can be useful, where a single sp…